Kaluga region, Gnezdilovskaya height

Kaluga region, Spas-Demensky District. The memorial complex "Gnezdilovskaya height".


In August 1943, the Siberians 22th and 65th Guards Rifle Division stormed the height 233.3 (Gnezdilovskaya height) near the station Pavlinovo, which cost the lives of 1,252 soldiers and officers.


Kaluga region, Spas-Demensky District. The memorial complex "Gnezdilovskaya height" is located in a forest, 3 kilometers from the village. Gnezdilova and 12 kilometers from. Pavlinova. Gnezdilovskaya height marked on the map 233.3 played a special role in the defense of the Germans. She dominated the surrounding terrain. With its altitude of 8-10 km viewed and leaning on her opponent held dvadtsatikilometrovaya line of defense, covering the approaches to the railway line. At this height were dug trenches a lot of lines in height, and between them in a staggered manner arranged cells for submachine and machine gunners. Trenches connected communication trenches and access to the rear in the direction of the railway station Pavlinova.


Tiwanaku Pre-Columbian archaeological site in western Bolivia.


One of the most remarkable monuments of the ancient world – the Sun Gate. They are cut from a large rock monolith gray-green andesite width of 3.8 m, 3 m high and 0.5 m thick, their weight – about 10 tons. Above the opening carved figure of the god Viracocha, which was the capital of Tiwanaku.